THE MODEL OF MANAGEMENT STRATEGY ON BANJARESE TRADITIONAL HOUSE AREAS IN TELUK SELONG ULU

Hartatik

Abstract
The Banjarese traditional buildings such as Bubungan Tinggi and Gajah Baliku in Teluk Selong Ulu, South Kalimantan have the authenticity of the form and material, and the values of historical and knowledge. Government created a garden and parking lot with concrete floor by swamp land reclamation in front and side of the traditional houses for tourism benefit,. This paper aims to identify the impact of current management, and makes new applicable management model of traditional house area in Teluk SelongUlu. The study was conducted by qualitative methods. Data were collected by direct observation and in-depth interviews. The making of applicable management model is using Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA), and analyzing by SWOT. The results show that the development of the traditional house area has a social impact, disturbing surrounding people. The applicable management model is made by paying attention on cultural heritage zoning and involving multiple stakeholders, both government and society, which are coordinated and carried out in a sustainable manner. It is concluded that the strategy is based on the principle of archaeological resources and local knowledge, so the area of Banjarese traditional house can be developed and used optimally as an icon and pride of the local culture.

Keywords : management, cultural heritage, zoning, Telok Selong Ulu, South Kalimantan

Source: Naditira Widya Vol.9 No.2 Oktober 2015, p. 147-164
Email: tati_balar@yahoo.com; tatitatibalar@gmail.com

Advertisements

MODEL STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN RUMAH ADAT BANJAR DI TELUK SELONG ULU

Hartatik

Abstrak
Rumah adat Banjar tipe Bubungan Tinggi dan Gajah Baliku di Teluk Selong Ulu, Kalimantan Selatan mempunyai bentuk dan bahan yang masih asli serta nilai penting bagi sejarah dan ilmu pengetahuan. Untuk kepentingan pariwisata, pemerintah membuat taman dan halaman parkir konblok beton dengan mengurung lahan rawa di depan dan samping rumah adat. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi dampak pengelolaan dan membuat model pengelolaan kawasan rumah adat di Teluk Selong Ulu. Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode kualitatif.Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan pengamatan langsung dan wawancara mendalam.Untuk membuat model pengelolaan dilakukan dengan teknik Participatory Rural Apprasial (PRA), kemudian dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis SWOT.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, bahwa pengembangan kawasan rumah adat telah menimbulkan dampak sosial yang meresahkan.Model pengelolaan dibuat dengan memperhatikan zonasi cagar budaya, melibatkan multi stakeholder baik pemerintah maupun masyarakat yang terkoordinir dan dilakukan secara berkelanjutan.Disimpulkan bahwa dengan strategi pengelolaan yang didasarkan pada prinsip pengelolaan sumber daya arkeologi dan kearifan lokal, maka kawasan rumah adat Banjar dapat dikembangkan dan dimanfaatkan optimal sebagai ikon dan kebanggaan budaya lokal.

Kata kunci : pengelolaan, sumber daya budaya, zonasi, Telok Selong Ulu, Kalimantan Selatan

Sumber: Naditira Widya Vol.9 No.2 Oktober 2015, hlm. 147-164
Email: tati_balar@yahoo.com; tatitatibalar@gmail.com

LAMUT ART REVITALIZATION IN SOUTH KALIMANTAN

Agus Yulianto

Abstract
Lamut is a speciefic oral art of Banjarese, South Borneo. Lamut is a single oral theatre and accompanied by a musical instrument, namely tarbang Lamut. This oral art is becoming obsolete for youth as a result of technological advance and change of lifestyle. The method used is descriptive and library research technique The result tells that lamut performance consists of two types, for entertainment and ceremony. The content of Lamut story is standard and it containns moral values.The Lamut revitalization effort through literary workshop (bengkel sastra) has been done successfully.

Keyword: oral art, revitalisation, lamut, Banjarese society, South Kalimantan

Source: Naditira Widya Vol.9 No.2 Oktober 2015, p. 135-146
Email: agusb.indo@gmail.com

REVITALISASI KESENIAN LAMUT DI KALIMANTAN SELATAN

Agus Yulianto

Abstrak
Lamut adalah seni tutur khas masyarakat Banjar, Kalimantan Selatan. Kesenian lamut merupakan teater tutur tunggal dan hanya diiringi oleh satu alat musik yang bernama tarbang lamut. Lamut sudah mulai ditinggalkan generasi muda akibat dari kemajuan teknologi dan gaya hidup. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui apakah lamut dapat direvitalisasi. Metode yang dipakai dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif dengan teknik studi pustaka dan observasi. Hasil dari penelitian dapat diketahui antara lain pagelaran lamut terbagi menjadi dua, yaitu untuk pertunjukkan dan upacara. Isi cerita lamut sudah baku dan banyak mengandung nilai-nilai kebaikan. Melalui bengkel sastra, revitalisasi kesenian lamut berhasil dilakukan.

Kata kunci: seni tutur, revitalisasi, lamut, masyarakat Banjar, Kalimantan Selatan

Sumber: Naditira Widya Vol.9 No.2 Oktober 2015, hlm. 135-146
Email: agusb.indo@gmail.com

SACRED STONE (PATAHU) OF NGAJU SOCIETY, CENTRAL KALIMANTAN

Sunarningsih

Abstract
Ngaju communities who are living along the river banks of Kapuas and Kahajan in Central Kalimantan are indigenouse people. Some of them are adherent the Kaharingan belief and still hold rituals associated with the cycle of life and death. One of the buildings owned by each village community is a sacred stone or commonly referred to as patahu. This article attempts to learn about the various forms and functions, as well as changes in rock sacred function in today’s society. The method used is descriptive with inductive reasoning. Patahu data were collected through surveys and interviews. Based on observations and analysis, the paper shows that the majority forms of sacred stones are natural rock formations, and there are other forms that give instructions on the influx of outside influences in society. In addition, although the belief of sacred stones power remains stable, but the principal function of sacred stone in society has changed, just as the symbol of guardian villages.

Keywords: sacred stone, patahu, Ngaju people, Central Kalimantan

Source: Naditira Widya Vol.9 No.2 Oktober 2015, p. 121-134
Email: asihwasita@yahoo.com

KERAMAT BATU (PATAHU) DI MASYARAKAT NGAJU, KALIMANTAN TENGAH

Sunarningsih

Abstrak
Masyarakat Ngaju yang tinggal di sepanjang Sungai Kahayan dan Sungai Kapuas Kalimantan Tengah merupakan komunitas asli. Mereka mengenal kepercayaan Kaharingan dan masih mengadakan ritual yang berkaitan dengan daur kehidupan dan kematian. Salah satu bangunan yang dimiliki oleh setiap desa di masyarakat Ngaju adalah keramat batu atau yang biasa disebut dengan patahu. Artikel ini mengkaji tentang ragam bentuk dan fungsi, serta perubahan fungsi keramat batu di masyarakat sekarang. Metode yang digunakan adalah deskriptif dengan penalaran induktif. Data patahu dikumpulkan melalui kegiatan survei dan wawancara. Berdasarkan hasil observasi dan analisis dapat diketahui bahwa mayoritas bentuk batu yang dikeramatkan adalah batu bentukan alam, dan ada bentuk lain yang memberi petunjuk pada masuknya pengaruh luar di masyarakat. Selain itu, meskipun kepercayaaan terhadap kekuatan keramat batu tetap lestari, tetapi fungsi utama keramat batu di masyarakat telah berubah, hanya sebagai simbol penjaga desa.

Kata kunci : keramat batu, patahu, masyarakat Ngaju, Kalimantan Tengah

Sumber: Naditira Widya Vol.9 No.2 Oktober 2015, hlm. 121-134
Email: asihwasita@yahoo.com

THE DUTCH AIRFIELD IN MELAK-SENDAWAR AS THE AIR DEFENCE OF EAST KALIMANTAN

Nugroho Nur Susanto

Abstract
There is an interesting airport bulit by Dutch to be considerable studied in Melak-Sendawar, East Kalimantan Province. The paper with aim to describe archaeological data at the airport uses inductive interpetatif method. The result shows that the airport has been built to anticipate the Japanese invasion. That are supported by the existence of double runway surrounded by facilities such as command center office, pillboxes, arsenals, bunkers, prisons, water storages, electrical substations, roads, and hospitals. Those infrastructures represented a strategy to harbor East Kalimantan which has ample of mineral resources. It is concluded that the existence of Melalan airport and surrounding fasilities are evincing of planned air defense (could be a model of sturdily national defence). This airport which was also called as Samarinda II airfield had a role in preparation of “Ganyang Malaysia” operation during confrontation in 1964.

Keywords : pillbox, bunker, arsenal, Samarinda II, Melak-Sendawar

Source: Naditira Widya Vol.9 No.2 Oktober 2015, p. 107-120
Email: nugi_balarbjm@yahoo.com