Nia Marniati Etie Fajari
Abstract. Payung cave is one of the many prehistoric dwelling caves in the karst region of Mantewe which has been reported by the Archaeological Institute of Banjarmasin. Research in 2006 and 2012 have resulted in a number of archaeological data shown the occupancy around 2970 ± 130 BP and 3070 ± 130 BP . However, the existence of the Payung Cave which has much significancy for the development of the prehistoric period in Kalimantan, is not in line with its sustainability as a cultural heritage site. The Payung cave is currently damage due to sediment excavation and bat droppings by local community for the purpose of oil palm plantations. This study discusses the factors behind the massive damage in the Payung Cave by outlining a series of cause-effect that occurs due to several aspects. Groove that had been developed subsequently became the basis for preparing a solution in a bid to reduce the damaging rate of the prehistoric caves occupancy on the other karst region of Mantewe.
Keywords : Payung Cave, Mantewe, karst, prehistoric, cultural preservation, conservation, cultural resource
Source: Naditira Widya, Vol. 7 No. 2 Oktober 2013, p. 145-156