CULTURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT MODEL (CASE STUDY IN KALIMANTAN)

Wasita

Abstract. This paper discusses a number of cases of cultural resources management in Kalimantan, which did not comply with the Heritage Act and formulate ideas of a benefitting-based model of cultural heritage preservation. Such efforts were conducted by identifying and evaluating implemented rules and conservation activities, which have been undertaken by the stakeholders of culture in Kalimantan. The evaluation shows that a double-standard regulation implementation of cultural heritage conservation in Kalimantan have had occurred. Furthermore, apparently, subjective-affective perceptions and interests of stakholders have had also affected the objectives and activities of cultural heritage management. Thus, the proposed preservation model is built by inducing cultural heritage benefitting-perspective in the system-context, which actively involving communities in conservation activities, as well as positioning archaeological offices as facilitators, mediators, and cultural heritage preservation supervisors.

Keywords: cultural preservation, conservation, legislation, evaluation, cultural resources, model management, system context

Souce: Naditira Widya, Vol. 6 No.2 Oktober 2012, p. 170-194
Email: wasita6@yahoo.com

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MODEL PENGELOLAAN SUMBER DAYA BUDAYA (STUDI KASUS DI KALIMANTAN)

Wasita

Abstrak. Tulisan ini membahas sejumlah kasus pengelolaan sumber daya budaya di Kalimantan yang tidak sesuai dengan Undang-Undang Cagar Budaya dan menyusun gagasan tentang sebuah model pelestarian cagar budaya berbasis pemanfaatan. Upaya tersebut dilakukan dengan mengidentifkasi dan mengevaluasi implemantasi peraturan dan kegiatan pelestarian yang telah dilakukan oleh para pemangku kepentingan kebudayaan di Kalimantan. Hasil evaluasi menunjukkan adanya standar ganda penerapan peraturan pelestarian cagar budaya di Kalimantan. Selain itu, persepsi subyektif-afektif dan kepentingan stakholders ternyata juga mempengaruhi tujuan dan aktivitas pengelolaan cagar budaya. Dengan demikian, model pelestarian yang diajukan adalah menginduksikan perspektif pemanfaatan cagar budaya dalam konteks sistem, yang melibatkan masyarakat secara aktif dalam aktivitas pelestariannya, serta memposisikan instansi arkeologi sebagai fasilitator, mediator, dan pengawas pelestarian cagar budaya.

Kata kunci: cagar budaya, pelestarian, undang-undang, evaluasi, sumber daya budaya, model pengelolaan, konteks system

Sumber: Naditira Widya, Vol. 6 No.2 Oktober 2012, hlm. 170-194
Email: wasita6@yahoo.com

CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT: THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF KALIMANTAN TENGAH AND KALIMANTAN SELATAN

Vida Pervaya Rusianti Kusmartono

Abstract. During 1993-2010, over 75 archaeological sites in the Provinces of Kalimantan Tengah and Kalimantan Selatan have been extensively investigated. The archaeological evidences provide significant information on prehistoric occupation, Austronesia Diasporas and burial tradition, development of Indic and Chinese culture, river catchment and swamp settlement, Islamic and colonial architecture, urban planning and cemetery, colonial fortification system, ceramic trade, pottery and metalworking tradition and underwater archaeology. Nevertheless, archaeological characteristics between the two regions indicate distinctiveness; Kalimantan Tengah present more information on the continued prehistoric mortuary tradition, whereas Kalimantan Selatan relates to the development of Islamic culture under the hegemony of the Sultanate of Banjar and Dutch occupation.

Keywords: stone tool traditions, shipwreck, mortuary traditions, Lawangan, Maanyan, Ngaju, Austromelanesid, fortress, Sultanate of Banjar, candi, mosque, pottery, metalworking, toponymy

Source: Naditira Widya, Vol. 6 No.2 Oktober 2012, p. 153-169
Email: vkusmartono@yahoo.com

PERKEMBANGAN KEBUDAYAAN: ARKEOLOGI KALIMANTAN TENGAH DAN KALIMANTAN SELATAN

Vida Pervaya Rusianti Kusmartono

Abstrak. Selama 1993-2010, lebih dari tujuh puluh lima situs arkeologi di Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah dan Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan telah diteliti. Bukti-bukti arkeologi memberikan informasi penting tentang okupasi prasejarah, diaspora Austronesia dan tradisi penguburan, perkembangan kebudayaan India dan Cina, daerah aliran sungai dan pemukiman rawa, arsitektur Islam dan kolonial, perencanaan kota dan pemakaman, sistem benteng kolonial, perdagangan keramik, tradisi pembuatan tembikar dan logam, serta arkeologi bawah air. Namun demikian, karakteristik arkeologis masing-masing daerah tersebut menunjukkan kekhasan; Arkeologi Kalimantan Tengah menyajikan informasi tentang kontinuitas tradisi pemakaman prasejarah, sedangkan Arkeologi Kalimantan Selatan berkaitan dengan perkembangan kebudayaan Islam di bawah hegemoni Kesultanan Banjar dan okupasi Belanda.

Kata kunci: tradisi alat batu, kapal karam, tradisi pemakaman, Lawangan, Maanyan, Ngaju, Austromelanesid, benteng, Kesultanan Banjar, candi, masjid, tembikar, pengerjaan logam, toponimi

Sumber: Naditira Widya, Vol. 6 No.2 Oktober 2012, hlm. 153-169
Email: vkusmartono@yahoo.com

POTENTIAL SETTLEMENTS IN HANDIL SAKA KAWANG, PULANG PISAU DISTRICT

Yuka Nurtanti Cahyaningtyas

Abstract. A number of archaeological research had been carried out in the district administrative of Pulang Pisau during 1986-1998. The results showed there were ancient settlements existed during the 14th-15th century in the region. During the 2011 survey in Handil Saka Kawang, the land drilling in Handil Saka Kawang produced four clay layer which varies by the color, texture, structure, and permeability. This paper discusses the possibility of the existence of ancient settlements based on environments and geological data. The study indicates an ancient river channel had existed which may support human activities and survival in that region.

Keywords: environment, geology, geomorphology, stratigraphy, cultural layer, ancient rivers, settlement

Source: Naditira Widya, Vol. 6 No.2 Oktober 2012, p.145-152
Email: yuka.nurtanti@gmail.com

POTENSI PEMUKIMAN DI HANDIL SAKA KAWANG, KALIMANTAN TENGAH

Yuka Nurtanti Cahyaningtyas

Abstrak. Sejumlah penelitian arkeologis di wilayah administratif Kabupaten Pulang Pisau telah dilakukan selama 1986-1998. Hasil penelitian tersebut menunjukkan pernah ada pemukiman kuna abad ke-14 sampai ke-15 masehi di kawasan tersebut. Pada survei 2011 di Handil Saka Kawang, pengeboran tanah di kawasan Handil Saka Kawang menghasilkan empat lapisan tanah lempung yang bervariasi antara lain menurut warna, tekstur, struktur, dan permeabilitasnya. Tulisan ini membahas kemungkinan adanya pemukiman kuna berdasarkan data lingkungan dan geologisnya. Kajian tersebut menunjukkan pernah adanya alur sungai purba yang dapat menjadi daya dukung aktivitas dan kelangsungan hidup manusia di kawasan tersebut.

Kata kunci: lingkungan, geologi, geomorfologi, lapisan tanah, lapisan budaya, sungai purba, pemukiman

Sumber: Naditira Widya, Vol. 6 No.2 Oktober 2012, hlm.145-152
Email: yuka.nurtanti@gmail.com

ARCHAEOLOGICAL SETTLEMENT SITE DISTRIBUTION ON THE BARITO RIVER BASIN

Sunarningsih

Abstract.The Barito River and its tributaries which are located in South Kalimantan region contains many settlement sites dated from different periods. Prehistoric settlement sites, either closed (cave) or open (banks), which have been studied are found in the western slopes of the Meratus Mountain, are located in the administrative regions of Hulu Sungai Utara District, Hulu Sungai Tengah District, Hulu Sungai Selatan District, Tapin District and Barito Kuala District. However, apparently, results from artefact and absolute dating analysis indicate that some prehistoric open-settlement sites can be categorized as well as sites from the proto-historic period and the period of Indic-culture-influence. Settlement sites with multi-dated characteristic suggest continuity in the concept of selecting the same dwelling location. Therefore, this paper discusses the distribution patterns of these settlement sites. The results shows that the site distribution pattern on the Barito River tends to stretch linearly parallel to the water bodies.

Keywords: close-settlement, open-settlement, river basin, linear pattern, pottery, ceramics, charcoal, fabric analysis

Source: Naditira Widya, Vol. 6 No.2 Oktober 2012, p.130-144
Email: asihwasita@yahoo.com