MARKET IN BALI DURING THE 9th UNTIL 11th CENTURY (EPIGRAPHICAL STUDY)

Irfanuddin Wahid Marzuki

Abstract. Market is a place where buyers and sellers make their interactions, and it has been around since the period of ancient Bali. There is an inscription which indicates several technical terms referring to selling and purchasing activity in a market. This article discusses the result of a study on 16 Balinese inscriptions published during 882 to 1023 AD. These inscriptions provide an understanding that the Balinese do not interact only among themselves, but also with merchants from other places. They sell daily necessities such as agricultural and plantation products, crafts and livestock. Marketing of products is carried out by using means of transportation or manually, which was supervised by officials of trade.

Keywords: market, Bali Kuna, inscriptions, merchandise, means of support, trade officials

Source: Naditira Widya, Vol. 4 No. 2 Oktober 2010, p. 282-294
Email: wd_546@yahoo.co.id

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PASAR PADA MASA BALI KUNO ABAD IX-XI MASEHI (KAJIAN EPIGRAFI)

Irfanuddin Wahid Marzuki

Abstrak. Pasar adalah tempat di mana pembeli dan penjual melakukan interaksi mereka dan telah ada sejak zaman kuna Bali. Ada prasasti yang menunjukkan beberapa istilah teknis yang mengacu pada aktivitas penjualan dan pembelian di pasar. Tulisan ini membahas hasil studi pustaka terhadap 16 prasasti Bali yang diterbitkan antara 882 Masehi sampai dengan 1023 Masehi. Kajian prasasti ini menghasilkan pemahaman bahwa masyarakat Bali tidak hanya berinteraksi di antara mereka sendiri, tetapi juga dengan penjual dari tempat lain. Mereka menjual kebutuhan sehari-hari seperti produk pertanian dan perkebunan, serta kerajinan dan ternak. Pemasaran produk dilakukan dengan ataupun tanpa sarana transportasi, yang diawasi oleh pejabat-pejabat perdagangan.

Kata kunci: pasar, Bali Kuna, prasasti, barang dagangan, sarana pendukung, pejabat perdagangan

Sumber: Naditira Widya, Vol. 4 No. 2 Oktober 2010, hlm. 282-294
Email: wd_546@yahoo.co.id

SEARCHING THE REMAINS OF THE KINGDOM OF LAMATTI, TONDONG, AND BULO-BULO IN SINJAI, SOUTH SULAWESI

Hasanuddin

Abstract. The research in Sinjai was carried out in the toponymy areas of the small kingdoms of Lamatti, Tondong, and Bulo-Bulo, which during the 16th century joined in an alliance called Tellu Limpoe. The research was conducted by using an inductive-analytic approach and employing survey and test-pit techniques for data collecting. Most findings are potshard and ceramic fragments from various dynasties, besides dakon stone and mortar stone. This article discusses the determination of relative chronology in the context of cultural history based on the interpretation of the three sites. The results of this study provide the understanding that the three sites show the dynamics life which varies between household activities, religious, subsistence, and trade. Additionally, we know also that the settlements in Sinjai were formed due to its geographical factors which consist of hills and mountains.

Key words: Sinjai, Lamatti, Tondong, Bulo-Bulo, Tellu Limpoe, pottery, ceramics, dakon stone, mortar stones, settlements, environment

Source: Naditira Widya, Vol. 4 No. 2 Oktober 2010, p. 264-281
Email: udin.balar@gmail.com

PENELUSURAN SITUS BEKAS KERAJAAN LAMATTI, TONDONG, DAN BULO-BULO DI SINJAI, SULAWESI SELATAN

Hasanuddin

Abstrak. Penelitian di Sinjai dilakukan pada area dengan toponimi bekas Kerajaan Lamatti, Tondong, dan Bulo-Bulo, yang tergabung dalam aliansi yang disebut Tellu Limpoe pada abad ke-16 Masehi. Penelitian ini dilakukan melalui pendekatan induktif-analitik dengan pengumpulan data melalui teknik survei dan lubang uji. Sebagian besar jenis temuan adalah gerabah dan fragmen keramik dari berbagai dinasti. Temuan lain adalah batu dakon dan lesung batu. Tulisan ini membahas penentuan kronologi relatif dalam konteks sejarah budaya berdasarkan hasil interpretasi dari ketiga situs. Hasil kajian ini memberikan pemahaman bahwa ketiga situs tersebut menunjukkan dinamika hidup yang bervariasi antara kegiatan rumah tangga, agama, subsistensi, dan perdagangan. Selain itu, diketahui pula bahwa pemukiman yang terbentuk di Sinjai dilandasi faktor geografis yang terdiri atas perbukitan dan pegunungan.

Kata kunci: Sinjai, Lamatti, Tondong, Bulo-Bulo, Tellu Limpoe, gerabah, keramik, dakon, lesung batu, pemukiman, lingkungan

Sumber: Naditira Widya, Vol. 4 No. 2 Oktober 2010, hlm. 264-281
Email: udin.balar@gmail.com

MADIHIN: THE ENDURING ORAL TRADITION

Agus Yulianto

Abstract. Madihin is one of the forms of Banjarese oral literature. Originally, madihin was an art that is destined for the nobles or the royal family. However, in the course of time, madihin has become a folk-art. This article discusses the origins madihin, its substance, function, instruments, and the value contained in madihin. The result of this study is the comprehension of an art which contains advices on many aspects of life. Despite the setback, the actor of madihin constantly seeks innovation and creativity in order to keep the arts survives among the community, for example by using Indonesian instead of Banjarese as language of communication.

Key words: madihin, Banjarese oral literature, arts, history, functions, values, Banjarese language, Indonesian language

Source: Naditira Widya, Vol. 4 No. 2 Oktober 2010, p. 257-263
Email: agusyulianto.agus@ymail.com

MADIHIN: TRADISI TUTUR DARI ZAMAN KE ZAMAN

Agus Yulianto

Abstrak. Madihin adalah salah satu bentuk sastra lisan Banjar. Madihin pada mulanya merupakan kesenian yang diperuntukkan bagi kalangan bangsawan atau keluarga raja. Namun, seiring dengan berjalannya waktu, kesenian ini menjadi kesenian rakyat. Tulisan ini membahas asal-usul madihin, substansi, fungsi, instrumen, dan nilai yang dikandung madihin. Hasil kajian ini adalah pemahamantentang madihin sebagai kesenian yang banyak mengandung nasihat mengenai banyak aspek kehidupan. Meskipun pernah mengalami kemunduran, pelaku madihin senantiasa mengupayakan inovasi dan kreativitasnya agar kesenian ini tetap hidup di masyarakat, misalnya dengan media penyampaian bahasa Indonesia.

Kata kunci: madihin, sastra lisan Banjar, kesenian, sejarah, fungsi, nilai, Bahasa Banjar, Bahasa Indonesia

Sumber: Naditira Widya, Vol. 4 No. 2 Oktober 2010, hlm. 257-263
Email: agusyulianto.agus@ymail.com

BOAT SYMBOLISM AND SOCIAL IDENTITY IN THE SOUTHEAST MOLUCCAS

Marlon NR Ririmasse

Abstract. For the people of the Southeast Moluccas, a boat has always been more than just a seagoing vessel. The boat is the key word to describe the dominant theme in engineering diverse cultural property in the Southeast Moluccas. This article discusses the phenomenon from the perspective of construction and materialization of social identity. The boat has become a medium of non-verbal communication as a means for the people to negotiate and communicate their social identity. Hence, the boat symbolism has been adopted as the blue print to construct the way society is organized in the Southeast Moluccas.

Keywords: boat, symbolism, social identity, Southeast Molluccas, communication, blueprint

Source: Naditira Widya, Vol. 4 No. 2 Oktober 2010, p. 245-256
Email: ririmasse@yahoo.com