Jejak Arkeologi di Wilayah Perbatasan Utara Kalimantan

1. cover isbn 2014

Judul : Jejak Arkeologi di Wilayah Perbatasan Utara Kalimantan
Penulis : Sunarningsih, Wasita, Vida Pervaya R.K., Hartatik, Nia Marniati E.F., Ulce Oktrivia, Bambang Sugiyanto, Eko Herwanto, Imam Hindarto, Yuka Nurtanti C., Abdul Rahman, Bambang Sakti W.A., dan Tri Atmoko
Editor : Prof. Dr. Agus Aris Munandar
Penerbit : Balai Arkeologi Banjarmasin
Cetakan 1, Desember 2014
x+ 274 hlm; 16 x 23 cm

RELIGI AND TRADITIONAL EQUIPMENTS OF DAYAK MERATUS IN KOTABARU, SOUTH KALIMANTAN

Hartatik

Abstract. This article is examined Dayaknese who have been dwelling at the eastern side of Meratus in the District of Hulu Kelumpang, Hampang, Kelumpang Barat, and Sungai Durian in the district of Kotabaru. They live in the valleys and river banks, in the far distance. Dayak Meratus quite unique because they speak Banjar. Most of them still follow ancestral beliefs, while some have embraced the new religion. This research was initiated on the question of how the concept of religious and traditional equipments of Dayak Meratus and its continuity with the prehistoric period. The purpose of this research is to create an ethnoarchaological research model which can be applied to the similar environmental and cultural system in accordance with the terms of analogy, as supporting data in analyzing and interpreting religious aspect from the findings of prehistoric sites in the Meratus region. The method used is descriptive comparative with ethnoarchaeological approach, while the collecting data technique is conducted by survey and interview. The results show that along the east side Meratus are dwelled some sub-tribes, such as Dayak Banjar, Dayak Meratus or Dayak Bukit, and Dayak Dusun. Those three sub-tribes have similar concept of religious and ceremonial equipments, so it can be generalized as Dayak Meratus. There is a continuity of the religious concept of Dayak Meratus with prehistoric belief, i.e. the concept of worship ancestral spirits and the use of burial gifts in funerals The most ceremonial equipments are made of leaves, wood and bamboo which are quickly destroyed, a few tools are made of metal and ceramic.

Keywords: religion, equipment, ceremony, Dayak Meratus, ethnoarchaeology

Source: Kindai Etam Vol. 1 No. 1 November 2015, p. 95-120
Email : tatitati_balar@gmail.com

RELIGI DAN PERALATAN TRADISIONAL SUKU DAYAK MERATUS DI KOTABARU, KALIMANTAN SELATAN

Hartatik

Abstrak. Suku Dayak penghuni sisi timur Pegunungan Meratus yang dikaji dalam penelitian ini berada dalam wilayah Kecamatan Kelumpang Hulu, Hampang, Kelumpang Barat, dan Sungai Durian di wilayah Kabupaten Kotabaru. Mereka tinggal di antara lembah dan tepian sungai dalam jarak yang berjauhan. Dayak Meratus cukup unik karena sebagai suku Dayak, mereka berbahasa Banjar. Sebagian dari mereka masih menganut kepercayaan leluhur, sebagian telah menganut agama baru. Penelitian ini diawali dari permasalahan bagaimana konsep religi dan peralatan tradisional suku Dayak Meratus serta kesinambungannya dengan masa prasejarah. Adapun tujuan penelitian ini adalah membuat model penelitian etnoarkeologi untuk diterapkan pada lingkungan dan sistem budaya yang sama atau hampir sama sesuai dengan syarat analogi, dengan tujuan lebih jauh adalah sebagai data bantu dalam menganalisis dan interpretasikan aspek religi dari temuan situs prasejarah di wilayah Pegunungan Meratus. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif komparatif dengan pendekatan etnoarkeologi, sedangkan teknik pengambilan data dilakukan dengan metode survei dan wawancara. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa di sepanjang Pegunungan Meratus sisi timur berdiam beberapa jenis subsuku, yaitu Dayak Banjar, Dayak Meratus atau Dayak Bukit, serta Dayak Dusun. Ketiganya mempunyai konsep religi dan peralatan upacara yang hampir sama, sehingga digeneralisasi sebagai Dayak Meratus. Ada kesinambungan konsep kepercayaan Dayak Meratus dengan konsep kepercayaan prasejarah, yaitu pemujaan roh leluhur dan penggunaan bekal kubur dalam upacara kematian. Sebagian besar peralatan upacara terbuat dari dedaunan, kayu, dan bambu yang cepat hancur, sebagian kecil terbuat dari logam dan keramik.

Kata kunci : religi, peralatan, upacara, Dayak Meratus, etnoarkeologi

Sumber : Kindai Etam Vol. 1 No. 1 November 2015, hlm. 95-120
Email: tatitati_balar@gmail.com

THE ANCIENT SETTLEMENT IN SEI SIPEI, MARTAPURA, SOUTH KALIMANTAN

Nia Marniati Etie Fajari

Abstract. Archaeological research in Sei Sipei was motivated by residents report who found a number of ancient items in suroundings their dwellings. The artifacts consist of ceramic (pottery and porselen) fragments and coin which indicated past settlement. The study put forward issues related to the shape and distribution of archaeological data as well as the chronology of dwelling on the site. It aims to uncover ancient residential activity at the site Sei Sipei. The analysis results indicate that the occupancy at Sei Sipei depicts with activities of daily life that occurred during the 19th century on Dutch colonial period. Cultural layer is thin with the number of findings are less so the occupy was small or in short period. The enviroment had experienced massive damage as a result of land for residential development. Therefore, the site can not be maintained.

Keywords: settlement, river, Sei Sipei, Martapura

Source: Kindai Etam Vol. 1 No. 1 November 2015, p. 77-94
Email : niamarniatief@yahoo.com

HUNIAN KUNO DI SEI SIPEI, MARTAPURA, KALIMANTAN SELATAN

Nia Marniati Etie Fajari

Abstrak. Penelitian arkeologi di Sei Sipei dilatarbelakangi oleh laporan warga yang menemukan sejumlah barang kuno di lingkungan tempat tinggalnya. Barang kuno yang terdiri atas pecahan keramik, gerabah, dan mata uang merupakan data arkeologi yang memberikan indikasi adanya hunian dari masa lampau. Penelitian yang dilakukan di Sei Sipei, Kecamatan Martapura Kota, Kabupaten Banjar ini mengemukakan permasalahan yang terkait dengan bentuk dan sebaran data arkeologi serta kronologi hunian di situs tersebut. Penelusuran data arkeologi bertujuan untuk mengungkap aktivitas hunian kuno di situs Sei Sipei. Hasil analisis terhadap himpunan data yang ditemukan menunjukkan bahwa hunian di Sei Sipei diwarnai dengan aktivitas kehidupan sehari-hari yang terjadi pada masa Kolonial Belanda abad 19 Masehi. Lapisan budaya yang tipis dengan jumlah temuan yang tidak raya mengindikasikan bahwa hunian di Sei Sipei tidak terlalu besar atau terjadi pada kurun waktu yang singkat. Kondisi lingkungan situs yang telah mengalami kerusakan masif akibat pengembangan lahan untuk pemukiman warga saat ini menyebabkan situs tidak dapat dipertahankan.

Kata kunci: pemukiman, sungai, Sei Sipei, Martapura

Sumber : Kindai Etam Vol. 1 No. 1 November 2015, hlm. 77-94
Email: niamarniatief@yahoo.com

DUTCH RUBBER PROCESSING FACTORY IN SUNGAI TABUK, SOUTH KALIMANTAN

Sunarningsih

Abstract. Researches on the rubber industry, both from the planting to the processing have been widely studied, but the archaeological data on rubber processing factory itself have been studied restictively. The remaining of Dutch rubber processing factory building is in Sungai Tabuk, Banjar regency, South Kalimantan. This paper will discuss about the existence of the factory which the rest of the buildings can still be found scattered in several places in the village of Sungai Tabuk Keramat village. The study aims to determine typology of the factory building and to find the building owners. The method used is descriptive with inductive reasoning. The archaeological data were collected by surveying, excavation, and interviews, while the written data are from the archives. The analysis of archaeological data and literature show that the rubber processing factory belonged to the Netherlands under the name of NV. Nederlandshe Rubber Unie, which was built in 1927 with production capacity of 7500 tons per year. There are also other factories i.e. a drug, tannery, and tiles of Watanabe.

Keywords: rubber processing factory, Netherlands, Sungai Tabuk, South Kalimantan

Source: Kindai Etam Vol. 1 No. 1 November 2015, p. 49-76
Email : asihwasita@gmail.com